Desalination technology aims to deliver high-quality water from sea water through filtering systems. It’s a eco-friendly and cost-effective process that can be used by the municipalities to deliver better quality water and the industries to use cost-free process water from the sea.
Population pressure and urbanization heightened the water tensions. Water scarcity is forecast to worsen where population growth is high such as Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East and South Asia. Uncertainty on water security prompted interest in the implementation of desalination projects in the last twenty years.
According to the International Desalination Association (2015), there are 18,245 desalination plants as of 2015. Considering that this number was 15,300 in 2011, we can say that there has been an exponential growth in the recent years. 45% of the desalination plants in the world are in the West Gulf States. Only 13% is in Europe and 6% is in America.
There is a substantial demand for desalination technologies from the emerging markets in the Middle East, where we are most active.